Καισαρικές τομές, υγεία του παιδιού και θηλασμός

Ομιλία του Στέλιου Παπαβέντση τον Σεπτέμβριο του 2010 σε εκδήλωση του Συλλόγου Birth Choices στην Θεσσαλονίκη, με θέμα τις καισαρικές τομές, την ιατρικοποίηση του τοκετού και την σχέση τους με την υγεία του παιδιού και τον μητρικό θηλασμό.

Eπιστημονική βιβλιογραφία

Καισαρικές και υγεία του παιδιού

1. Decker E et al. Cesarean delivery is associated with celiac disease but not inflammatory bowel disease in children. Pediatrics. 2010 Jun;125(6):e1433-40. Epub 2010 May 17.
2. Metsälä J et al. Maternal and perinatal characteristics and the risk of cow’s milk allergy in infants up to 2 years of age: a case-control study nested in the Finnish population. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jun 15;171(12):1310-6. Epub 2010 May 14.
3. Metsälä J et al. Perinatal factors and the risk of asthma in childhood–a population-based register study in Finland. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Jul 15;168(2):170-8. Epub 2008 May 28.
4. Davidson R et al. Influence of maternal and perinatal factors on subsequent hospitalisation for asthma in children: evidence from the Oxford record linkage study. BMC Pulm Med. 2010 Mar 16;10:14.
5. Pistiner M et al. Birth by cesarean section, allergic rhinitis, and allergic sensitization among children with a parental history of atopy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Aug;122(2):274-9. Epub 2008 Jun 20.
6. Biasucci G et al. Mode of delivery affects the bacterial community in the newborn gut. Early Hum Dev. 2010 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print]
7. Marom R et al. Neonatal blood glucose concentrations in caesarean and vaginally delivered term infants. Acta Paediatr. 2010 May 26. [Epub ahead of print]
8. Cardwell CR et al. Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Diabetologia. 2008 May;51(5):726-35.
9. Thavagnanam S et al. A meta-analysis of the association between Caesarean section and childhood asthma. Clin Exp Allergy. 2008 Apr;38(4):629-33.
10. Renz-Polster H et al. Caesarean section delivery and the risk of allergic disorders in childhood. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005 Nov;35(11):1466-72.
11. Koplin J et al. Is caesarean delivery associated with sensitization to food allergens and IgE-mediated food allergy: a systematic review. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008 Dec;19(8):682-7.
12. Dominguez-Bello MG et al. Delivery mode shapes the acquisition and structure of the initial microbiota across multiple body habitats in newborns. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jun 29;107(26):11971-5.
13. Algert CS et al. Perinatal risk factors for early onset of Type 1 diabetes in a 2000-2005 birth cohort. Diabet Med. 2009 Dec;26(12):1193-7.
14. Jain NJ et al. Impact of mode of delivery on neonatal complications: trends between 1997 and 2005. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2009 Jun;22(6):491-500.
15. Benterud T et al. Cesarean section is associated with more frequent pneumothorax and respiratory problems in the neonate. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2009;88(3):359-61.
16. Merkus P. Caesarean section and asthma. Thorax. 2009 Sep;64(9):824-5

Καισαρικές και θηλασμός

1. Matias SL et al. Risk factors for early lactation problems among Peruvian primiparous mothers. Matern Child Nutr. 2010 Apr;6(2):120-33.
2. Dewey KG et al. Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excess neonatal weight loss. Pediatrics. 2003 Sep;112(3 Pt 1):607-19.
3. Weisman O et al. The experience of labor, maternal perception of the infant, and the mother’s postpartum mood in a low-risk community cohort. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2010 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print]
4. Chalmers B et al. Cesarean and vaginal birth in canadian women: a comparison of experiences. Birth. 2010 Mar;37(1):44-9.
5. Saki A et al. A prospective study of the effect of delivery type on neonatal weight gain pattern in exclusively breastfed neonates born in Shiraz, Iran. Int Breastfeed J. 2010 Jan 27;5:1.
6. Chertok IR et al. Infant hospitalization and breastfeeding post-caesarean section. Br J Nurs. 2008 Jun 26-Jul 9;17(12):786-91.
7. Dewey KG et al. Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excess neonatal weight loss. Pediatrics. 2003 Sep;112(3 Pt 1):607-19.
8. Karlström A et al. Postoperative pain after cesarean birth affects breastfeeding and infant care. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2007 Sep-Oct;36(5):430-40.
9. Leach JD. C-sections, breastfeeding and bugs for your baby: what the doctor probably won’t tell you. Midwifery Today Int Midwife. 2006;(79):12-3.
10. Swain JE et al. Maternal brain response to own baby-cry is affected by cesarean section delivery. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008 Oct;49(10):1042-52.
11. Cakmak H et al. Comparison of the breastfeeding patterns of mothers who delivered their babies per vagina and via cesarean section: an observational study using the LATCH breastfeeding charting system. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007 Sep;44(7):1128-37.
12. Erlandsson K et al. Skin-to-skin care with the father after cesarean birth and its effect on newborn crying and prefeeding behavior. Birth. 2007 Jun;34(2):105-14.

Καισαρικές ρουτίνας

1. de Almeida MF et al. Non-urgent caesarean delivery increases the need for ventilation at birth in term newborn infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print]
2. Bodner K et al. Influence of the mode of delivery on maternal and neonatal outcomes: a comparison between elective cesarean section and planned vaginal delivery in a low-risk obstetric population. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 May 27. [Epub ahead of print]
3. Tutdibi E et al. Impact of labor on outcomes in transient tachypnea of the newborn: population-based study. Pediatrics. 2010 Mar;125(3):e577-83.
4. Derbent A et al. Transient tachypnea of the newborn: effects of labor and delivery type in term and preterm pregnancies. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print]
5. Dunne C et al. Outcomes of elective labour induction and elective caesarean section in low-risk pregnancies between 37 and 41 weeks’ gestation. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2009 Dec;31(12):1124-30.
6. Echolc B et al. Emergency and elective cesarean section and selected elements of immunological system of full-term neonates. Ginekol Pol. 2009 Oct;80(10):757-61.
7. Yee W et al. Elective cesarean delivery, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and neonatal respiratory distress. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Apr;111(4):823-8.

Καισαρικές πριν τις 39 εβδομάδες κύησης

1. Tanger HL et al. Less neonatal morbidity with elective caesarean sections at term: local guideline for elective caesarean section is effective. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2010;154(26):A1201.
2. Robinson CJ et al. Timing of elective repeat cesarean delivery at term and neonatal outcomes: a cost analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jun;202(6):632.e1-6. Epub 2010 May 1.
3. Tita AT et al. Timing of elective repeat cesarean delivery at term and neonatal outcomes. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 8;360(2):111-20.
4. Wilmink FA et al. Neonatal outcome following elective cesarean section beyond 37 weeks of gestation: a 7-year retrospective analysis of a national registry. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;202(3):250.e1-8.
5. Hansen AK et al. Risk of respiratory morbidity in term infants delivered by elective caesarean section: cohort study. BMJ. 2008 Jan 12;336(7635):85-7.
6. Nicholl MC et al. Getting evidence into obstetric practice: appropriate timing of elective caesarean section. Aust Health Rev. 2010 Mar;34(1):90-2.
7. Bailit JL et al. Maternal and neonatal outcomes by labor onset type and gestational age. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;202(3):245.e1-245.e12.
8. Donovan EF et al. A statewide initiative to reduce inappropriate scheduled births at 36(0/7)-38(6/7) weeks’ gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;202(3):243.e1-8.
9. Macones GA. Elective delivery before 39 weeks: reason for caution. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;202(3):208
10. Zanardo V et al. Neonatal respiratory morbidity risk and mode of delivery at term: influence of timing of elective caesarean delivery. Acta Paediatr. 2004 May;93(5):643-7.
11. Hansen AK et al. Elective caesarean section and respiratory morbidity in the term and near-term neonate. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86(4):389-94.
12. Matsuo K et al. Elective cesarean delivery at 38 weeks’ gestation: is the timing too early? J Perinat Med. 2009;37(5):569.
13. Zanardo V et al. The influence of timing of elective cesarean section on risk of neonatal pneumothorax. J Pediatr. 2007 Mar;150(3):252-5.
14. De Luca R et al. Incidence of early neonatal mortality and morbidity after late-preterm and term cesarean delivery. Pediatrics. 2009 Jun;123(6):e1064-71.
15. Vukojević M et al. Risk factors associated with cerebral palsy in newborns. Coll Antropol. 2009 Dec;33 Suppl 2:199-201.
16. John M. Costello et al. Birth Before 39 Weeks’ Gestation Is Associated With Worse Outcomes in Neonates With Heart Disease. Pediatrics 2010; 126: 277-284.
17. Engle WA et al. Late preterm infants, early term infants, and timing of elective deliveries. Clin Perinatol. 2008 Jun;35(2):325-41, vi.
18. MacKay DF et al. Gestational age at delivery and special educational need: retrospective cohort study of 407,503 schoolchildren. PLoS Med. 2010 Jun 8;7(6):e1000289.

Καισαρικές μετά προηγούμενη καισαρική

1. Guise JM et al. Vaginal birth after cesarean: new insights. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2010 Mar;(191):1-397.
2. Guise JM et al. Vaginal birth after cesarean: new insights on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jun;115(6):1267-78.
3. Rozen G et al. A new perspective on VBAC: A retrospective cohort study. Women Birth. 2010 May 4. [Epub ahead of print]
4. Kamath BD et al. Neonatal outcomes after elective cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jun;113(6):1231-8.
5. Landon MB. Vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Clin Perinatol. 2008 Sep;35(3):491-504, ix-x.
6. Selo-Ojeme D et al. Preferred and actual delivery mode after a cesarean in London, UK. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008 Aug;102(2):156-9
7. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice bulletin no. 115: Vaginal birth after previous cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Aug;116(2 Pt 1):450-63.
8. Grobman WA. Rates and prediction of successful vaginal birth after cesarean. Semin Perinatol. 2010 Aug;34(4):244-8.

Προγραμματισμένη πρόκληση τοκετού

1. Wilson BL et al. The relationship between cesarean section and labor induction. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2010 Jun;42(2):130-8.
2. Dunne C et al. Outcomes of elective labour induction and elective caesarean section in low-risk pregnancies between 37 and 41 weeks’ gestation. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2009 Dec;31(12):1124-30.
3. Reisner DP et al. Reduction of elective inductions in a large community hospital. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jun;200(6):674.e1-7.
4. Oshiro BT et al. Decreasing elective deliveries before 39 weeks of gestation in an integrated health care system. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Apr;113(4):804-11.
5. Beebe L et al. Immediate neonatal outcomes after elective induction of labor. J Reprod Med. 2007 Mar;52(3):173-5.
6. Boulvain M et al. Risks of induction of labour in uncomplicated term pregnancies. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2001 Apr;15(2):131-8.

Υπόλοιπη βιβλιογραφία

1. Karlström A et al. Behind the myth – few women prefer caesarean section in the absence of medical or obstetrical factors. Midwifery. 2010 Jul 12. [Epub ahead of print]
2. Johansson M et al. Few fathers-to-be prefer caesarean section for the birth of their baby. BJOG. 2010 May;117(6):761-4. Epub 2010 Feb 22.
3. Klaus M et al. Academy of breastfeeding medicine founder’s lecture 2009: Maternity care re-evaluated. Breastfeed Med. 2010 Feb;5(1):3-8.
4. Weaver JJ et al. Are there “unnecessary” cesarean sections? Perceptions of women and obstetricians about cesarean sections for nonclinical indications. Birth. 2007 Mar;34(1):32-41.
5. Carbonne B et al. Increase in cesarean delivery: are we facing a pandemic?
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Dec;107(3):183-4.
6. Tollånes MC. Increased rate of Caesarean sections–causes and consequences. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2009 Jun 25;129(13):1329-31.
7. Smith J et al. The natural caesarean: a woman-centred technique. BJOG. 2008 Jul;115(8):1037-42
8. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 394, December 2007. Cesarean delivery on maternal request. Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Dec;110(6):1501.
9. Mossialos E et al. An investigation of Caesarean sections in three Greek hospitals. The impact of financial incentives and convenience. European Journal of Public Health. 2005;15(3):288– 295.

Στέλιος Παπαβέντσης MRCPCH DCH IBCLC 2010

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